The Fulbright Scholarship is probably the biggest, widest and commonest scholarship to foreign students in the United States of America. Its origin dates back to 1945, when the whole world was recovering from the desolation of the World Wars. In 1945, Senator J. William Fulbright presented a bill in the United States Congress that required the utilization of excess war property to finance the “promotion of international good will through the exchange of students in the fields of education, culture and science.” The Fulbright program was created when the bill was signed into law and congress on August 1st, 1946 by President Harry Truman.
In supervising and managing the affairs of the Fulbright program, the congress created the Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board (FFSB). The board consists of 12 individuals who are professionals in the fields of Education and Culture. These board members are expected work in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs in the U.S. Department of State.
You will see the application form link on the last page of this list of scholarships.